Everything you need to know about sage

Salvia officinalis on English sage is a perennial herbaceous plant. The name originates from Latin word salvare which means save, heal because people in ancient Rome used it to treat many diseases and officinalis means meditative. The ancient Romans and the ancient Greeks learned about the healing properties of sage. In the Pharaonic tombs in Egypt, one of the main components of the balm mix was especially sage. In the Middle Ages, a love potion was made from sage, rosette and petals rose. Charlemagne or Charles the Great had a law that sad that one family has to breed at least a hundred herbs and he insisted on the sage. Sage is now planted in Catholic monasteries because it is considered as a holy plant.

A lot of people use it to stimulate concentration, for increasing memory and many believe that it can make your life longer.

Sage is wide used

Sage tea is using for pharyngitis, pharynx, hoarseness, inflammation of the internal organs, for vaginal rinsing, fungal infection. In a medical context, sage is antibiotic with a wide spectrum of utilization. Sage leafs were used for teeth cleaning and now many companies use sage extract for there toothpaste. In the kitchen it is used for seasoning many salads. It’s very good for digestive system, especially for bile. Sage can be used for relaxation, reliese of stress, vertigo, and tension. Sage is commonly used in creams against many skin problems and in shampoo for curing dandruff. For the period of puberty and menopause, it is precisely the plant of choice because it is a gentle but effective hormonal regulator. Sage works spasmolytically, it relaxes muscles and also reduces sweating.

This herb is amazing

There are over 950 species of this plant. It can grow from 30 cm up to 60 cm. Leafs are green with silver hairs. Sage flowers are usually purple with pinch of  blue, pink and white color. It blooms from May to late July. The root is branched and can reach deep into the ground. It grows as a wild, self-made plant, but also it can be grown in a garden. It’s not a demanding plant but it is better if it is on rich and fragmented land. It needs a lot of light and heat although it can survive low temperatures. It’s best suited to the coastal climate and in these locations works best.

Only the leaf is used from the sage. The most effective leaf is obtained when sage begins to bloom, and this is most common in May. The leaf is picked, dried and kept carefully. The main medicinal ingredient of sage leaves is a volatile aromatic essential oil. Sage contains most carbohydrates (46.3%), cellulose (16.0%) and protein (10.2%), followed by 1-2.5% essential oil and other organic compounds. It contains a significant amount of iron (184 mg / 100 g) and calcium (180 mg / 100 g). It is rich in vitamin A. The most frequent component of sage essential oil is a-thujon (29.9%), followed by chlorophyllin oxide (26.5%), camphor (24.9%), 1.8-cineol (24.7% ), b-thujone (13.7%), b-caryophyllene (10.1%), humulenoxide (9.6%), etc.

Every big chef should know about sage

In the kitchen it is used for generations as an essential herb, along with thyme, rosemary, and parsley. It is commonly used in Italian, Balkan and Middle Eastern cookery. As herb is very good for digestive system. Leaves of sage have a strong aroma, therefore it is sufficient in small quantities. Even today its use is widespread in traditional Italian but also in world cuisine. Sage is primarily used for the preparation of veal and pork. Traditionally, sage is used to prepare different types of pasta.

Now when you love it, you want to know where you can find it

It can be found everywhere in the Adriatic coast, Dalmatia and the islands, in Herzegovina and Montenegro.  Self – grown plant grows in dry terrain and in the coastal area. It originates from the southern parts of Europe. Because it is resistant to cold and sufficiently tolerates low temperatures, it is present in the continental parts of Croatia and in Sićevo Gorge in Serbia.

Be careful

Sage, especially its essential oil, is poisonous in large quantities and should not be taken for long. Pregnant women and epilepsy sufferers should never take it because they contain thujone which can cause an attack. Sage is, however, completely harmless when taken in small quantities, which is proven by its popularity as spice plants.

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