Olive tree description
Olive is the name of the subtropical evergreen plant belonging to the family of olive (Oleaceae). Its tree is incorrect, gnarled and branched. The height can reach up to 20 meters, but the best height for cultivation is between of 2-5 meters. The leaves are oval and dark green color on the reverse, while the bottom side of the leaves is white-silver color. When in bloom, the olive develops white flowers and its fruit is oval shaped from dark green to black color. The fruit is rich in oil, it is often extracted using various presses (cold pressing), or steam.
The wood from the olive tree is of a high quality, and it is used to make costly furniture. Olives thrive on rugged ground with much sunlight, but it is sensitive to low temperatures (freezing at -10 ° C). If you ever wondered what the life span of the olive tree is, the answer is more than 2000 years and is located in Montenegro. Mediterranean olive groves for cultivation are located in the best climate conditions in the world and therefore the fruit and products derived from the fruit are of the highest quality.
Mediterranean olive groves throughout history
Olives played an important role in the development of civilizations, nutrition, medicine, economics, mythology, religion and art. In addition to being a food source, it was used for trade and was used a healing medicine. To the winners at the Olympic Games olive crows were placed on their head, as a prize they received amphorae with olive oil. Olive oil in antiquity represented the most valuable of commodities, while trade and oil exports were so developed that many boats were built for that purpose alone. Amphora with oil represented the first certified product in the history of commerce. Homer called the Mediterranean olive oil liquid gold. Hippocrates prescribed olive oil for more than 60 various diseases.
Olives in mythology
At the same time it is also a symbol of peace, fertility, abundance and longevity. It is mentioned in the Bible more than a thousand times. In Christianity it is a symbol of God’s concern for men. Moses didn’t allow people who cultivated olives to take part in wars. According to one biblical story, because of her intelligence the other the trees wanted to choose the olive tree for their queen, but she, out of concern for the people, did not agree. In many depictions when an angel speaks to Mary, he says that he is holding an olive branch when talking about the birth of her son, a symbol of purity.
Mediterranean olive groves in Croatia
According to estimates, there are now in Dalmatia 3-3.3500.000 olive trees, which is a third of the possibilities for growth. Olive production besides wine making is the most important branch of agriculture in Dalmatia.
The city Lun island of Pag, in fact is growing over 80 thousand olive trees around the city since ancient times. Scientists have proven that there are more than a thousand trees over a thousand years old! There are nowhere else so many wild growing olive trees that are older than thousand years. There are similar reserves of wild olive trees in the Mediterranean only in Israel and Greece, but even they cannot come to the number of thousand years.
Mediterranean olive groves in Greece
There are over 120 million trees of olive trees in the vast olive groves, but also in some small family groves. Greece is the third largest producer in the world of olives and olive oil, and thus takes up 16% of the world’s olive oil market. There are olive trees that date back to the 13th century, and to this day give fruit.
Mediterranean olive groves in Montenegro
There are close to half a million olive trees in Montenegro. Olive trees on Mirovica are protected by the law as a natural monument since the 60-ies. It is over 2,000 years old and is considered the oldest olive tree in Europe. Legend has it that they held meetings between feuding families who are at this exact place made peace.
Mediterranean olive groves in Albania
In the last ten years Albania has planted two million new seedlings, and thus this country is slowly but surely entering the olive world market. However, the average Albanian breeder of olives has only half acres olive plantations,. Albania has all the conditions for producing superior quality oil.