Montenegro is a country settled in Southeastern Europe. It is settled on the coast of the Adriatic Sea. It is bordered with Serbia to the East, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the north, Croatia to the west and Albania to the south. The capital of the country is Podgorica.
This Democratic Republic of Socialists stretches along the coast of one of the most beautiful sees in the world-the Adriatic Sea.
Montenegro is a small country but it is well-known for its coastal area and beautiful beaches that thousands of tourists visit every year.
It is a member of the UN, NATO, the World Trade Organization, the Council of Europe, and the Central European Free Trade Agreement. Montenegro is one of the main founders of the Union for the Mediterranean. Most people that live in the country belong to the Orthodox Church.
This country got its name from Venetian. Montenegro means Black Mountain. Evergreen forests of the Lovcen Mountain resemble the black forests; this was probably the way the country was named.
Symbols of Montenegro
On 12th July, 2004, an official flag of Montenegro, based on the royal Standard of King Nicolas I was adopted. This flag of royalty was red with a silver border, a silver coat of arms, and the initials “HI” (this is in Cyrillic letters written; in Alphabet it would be NI). These initials represented the king’s name.
Today’s flag has golden borders and golden arms. The royal cipher that was in the center of the arms has been replaced with a golden lion.
Earlier national anthem was “Ubavoj nam Crnoj Gori” (To Our Beautiful Montenegro). This was during the King’s region. Today, a national anthem selected by Montenegrin Legislature is the traditional song “Oh, Bright Dawn of May” (since 2004).
The national day is celebrated on July 13th. It marks the date when the Congress of Berlin recognized Montenegro as the 27th independent country in the world and the time when the country started one of the first uprisings against the Axis Powers (July 13th, 1941).
This is the heart and the soul of Montenegro and its residents. Although Podgorica is the capital of the country, Cetinje is one of the most important historical cities in the country.
This city was named after the river Cetina that goes through it. In 1482 Vladicanski Dvor was built here and in 1484 a monastery devoted to the Virgin. It is important as the place where the first printing office of the Southern Slavs was established.
In the 16th and the 17th century, under the Turks, Cetinje went through some harsh moment. But during the region of Petar II Petrovic Njegos, it flourished and upraised again. A new royal residence called Biljarda was built.
After the Congress of Berlin in 1878 when Montenegro became an independent state, the capital was Cetinje. Later, between two World Wars, Podgorica became a new capital.
Today, Cetinje is an honorary capital of the country. It is also the residence of the Orthodox Church. It has a huge and rich historical legacy and tremendous importance for all the people in the country.
If you ever visit Montenegro, don’t miss the chance to see this historical city full of monasteries and museums. It offers a rich cultural life combined with spectacular nature.
Nikola II Petrovic Njegos
One of the greatest philosophers and poets, Petar II Petrovic Njegos was born near Cetinje, in the Njegusi Village.
He was not only the ruler of Montenegro but also a spiritual leader.
Educated in several monasteries, he became the ruler after his father’s death. He managed to centralize the authority and to gather Montenegrin tribes.
He was and still is one of the most honorable poets and philosophers of Montenegro. Some of his most valuable works are Gorski vijenac, Lazni car Scepan Mali, and Luca Mikrokozma.
Tourism in Montenegro
The 295km long Adriatic coast with 72km of beaches attracts tourists from all over the world. Not only the seaside, but also many ancient towns make this country a perfect place for visit and vacation.
National Geographic Traveler featured Montenegro among 50 places of a lifetime.
One part of the coastal area, Sveti Stefan, is well-known among tourists, especially rich and famous.
This country has the second growing tourism market in the world.
It’s a tremendous merge of mountains, hills and the sea. There isn’t chance you come here and have no fun and joy. Some of the most beautiful places you must not miss if you come to this country are Bay of Kotor, Tara River Canyon, Skadar Lake, Prokletije, Big Beach (Velika plaza) in Ulcinj and so on.
You will definitely enjoy, no matter which part of this beautiful country you decide to visit.
Leisure time in Montenegro
The culture of Montenegro is a combination of influences. In art you’ll sense the mixture of Orthodox, Slavic, Ottoman, Central European and Adriatic cultures.
This something hard to describe in words, something you have to see and feel. Cathedrals and monasteries are just one part of it (the Cathedral of St. Tryphon in Kotor or the Basilica of St.Luka, Savina monastery and others).
Since 2000, Montenegrins invest a lot to improve cultural life and give tourists an incredible experience. Porto Montenegro is just one of the projects the government started in order to improve the interest.
In Buljarice you can enjoy in Summer Jazz Festival held every year in the end of August.
No matter which destination you choose, Montenegro has a rich night and day life, beautiful old cities, tremendous rivers and mountains, beautiful restaurant by the beach, Skadar Lake and many other things to offer to people of all ages.
Wherever you go, you will enjoy. That’s why this is a country you should definitely add on your traveling list!
Montenegrin cuisine represents the meeting of the East and the West. It’s a result of long history.
Even thou the cuisine is a mixture of Oriental and Mediterranean cuisine, it kept its national characteristics.
The influence varied depending on the geographical position. Coastal area represents Mediterranean cuisine and other parts were more under the Oriental influence.
The influence of continental Europe is obvious in preparation of jams, cookies and donuts. On the other hand, Turkish influence is recognizable in preparation of pies, and kebabs for example.
Hungarian cuisine also influenced Montenegrin cuisine. You can sense this in goulash, vomit and similar dishes.
In the coastal are, seafood is most popular.
Montenegrins are well-known for its hospitality. If you are the guest in their home you’ll feel more than welcome. You will get an honorable place to sit and they will serve you everything they have.
Dried ham, boiled eggs, brad, kaymak and so on before the main dish.
Cuisine maybe differs, but the hospitality is the same everywhere. And, if you are in a restaurant, you can order all specialties no matter where you are. This means that even thou you are by the sea and seafood are expected, there’s no way you’ll ask for Njeguska ham or Pljevlja cheese and not get them.
If ever the road takes you to this interesting country, you’ll be happy and enjoy. The part where you’ll spend the time is not important. Wherever you go, you’ll enjoy good time, great meals and warm people. This is something you shouldn’t miss!