Croatia is a place where the Alps and the Mediterranean meet. Sunny, joyful, eco-friendly and civilized country. Croatia miraculously combines unique natural complexes and historical monuments, a beautiful sea coast with hundreds of islands and numerous castles, dense forests and thermal springs.
Geographically it is Pannonian, Mediterranean and Balkan country, located at the transition from central to eastern Europe. The capital and largest city is Zagreb with around 1 107 000 inhabitants (including the surroundings). It is the cultural, university, economic and administrative center.
Croatia borders with the following countries: Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Slovenia and Hungary.
Croatian territory after the First World War, formed part of the more common state of South Slavs, originally part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (a short period was known as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes), then part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Following the referendum on independence in 1991. Croatia became an independent state.
Croatia is a member of the United Nations Organization, the World Trade Organization and NATO; and became an official candidate for EU membership in 2004 and a full member on 1 July 2013.
Croatia has a diverse climate – on the north eastern part of the continental shores of the Mediterranean in a temperate continental climate prevails in the north-central region. The average temperature inland in January is 0 to 2 ° C, and in August 19 to 23 ° C, while the average temperature in the coastal area of 6 to 11 ° C in January and 21 ° C to 27 August.
You can easily get to Croatia, since it is connected with European countries with highway roads, around 10 airports (Franjo Tuđman, Split), and Adriatic Sea as one of the most important roads – world sea.
Croatia is located in southeastern Europe on the Balkan Peninsula, towards the central European part. Croatian territory covers approximately 87 700 square kilometers – of which 56 592 km² on land and at sea around 31 067. It seems like the shape of the territory resembles a horseshoe, and is bordered by Slovenia in the northwest, Hungary to the north, Serbia to the east, Montenegro to the south, Bosnia and Herzegovina along the Sava River and Dinara mountain massif and Italy across the Adriatic Sea line.
The total length of Croatian land border is 2197 km, of which the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina 932 km, 670 km with Slovenia, 329 km with Hungary, 241 km with Serbia and 25 km with Montenegro. In the northern Adriatic touching the territorial waters of Croatia and Italia. Length of the Adriatic coast is 1778 km (including islands 6176 km).
One of the strongest economies in South East Europe, and according to some statistics it is better than some of the European Union country economies – which itself weighs to. The main economic activities in Croatia consists of agriculture, food industry, textile industry, wood processing industry, metal processing industry, chemical industry, oil industry, electrical industry, construction, trade, shipbuilding, seafaring and tourism.
Croatian tourism is experiencing a renaissance. Croatia is a European-hit destination for tourists from around the world, and it makes money.
According to statistics of the European Union, Croatia, despite the undisputed grow from year to year, is the eighth most popular European tourist destination. In front of her are Spain, Italy, France, UK, Austria, Greece and Germany.
Zagreb is the capital of the Republic of Croatia, located on the north of the country. From its earliest history of Zagreb was a city that has been developing as a rich cultural and scientific and powerful trade and economic center. The medieval spirit of the town can be felt today through the preserved architecture, its tradition and further development of culture. Today, the Zagreb political and administrative center of the Republic of Croatia, as well as a business center, the city of arts culture and entertainment.
Zagreb is the campus that due to the large number of higher education institutions provides a temporary home to students from all over the Croatia. It is because of the large number of young people, Zagreb has become eternally sleepless city with a high level of entertainment for all ages that meets all the requirements of its residents and tourist’s guests.
Baroque atmosphere of the Upper Town, picturesque, picturesque open-air markets with an excellent range of local culinary products, a variety of shops located in the frontage of the old city buildings in the longest street in Zagreb, which departs from the main square – Ilica, rich selection of crafts top quality made-to-measure to the customer are some of the values that are at the city center. And when you get hungry after sightseeing and want to take a break, a small restaurant with family tradition, will satisfy even the pickiest of gastronomes.
The most common things to do in Zagreb:
A walk through the main city square – Ban Jelačić Square, visit the Upper Town and St. Mark’s Square to the church of St. Mark, or the building of the Croatian Parliament and the Government of the City Council, and the descent to the Capitol where there is the famous Zagreb Cathedral, and then return to the main town square across the famous Zagreb’s Dolac market, which can be taste and buy local food products is only one of a myriad of routes that you can visit, walking slowly with a diameter of only 1 km. After visiting the cultural and historical heritage by Kaptol and Gradec, be sure to take a walk through Bogovićeva Street, marked by a large golden sphere, to the Flower Market and experience the streets of Zagreb.
A walk through Flower Square can take you to the Square of Marshal Tito, who is regarded as one of the most beautiful town squares, and dominated by the Croatian National Theater, across which there is a museum building Mimare. If you want in the city feel a touch of green, nature and peaceful oasis walk to the park Zrinjevac, so after a short break, continue to the King Tomislav Square, which is bordered on one side art pavilion, while the south side of Central Station.
The Adriatic Sea is friendly, even in bad weather, and its coastline is framed simply by some paradise landscapes – steep cliffs, mountains covered with forests, cypress and orange groves.
The swimming season on the Adriatic Sea begins in early May and last until the end of September, and the water temperature in the Adriatic in the summer rises to an average of 23 degrees Celsius in summer.
On the Croatian Adriatic coast blow three kinds of wind: south (from sea to land), bura (from the land to the sea) and Mistral.
Adriatic coastal part consists mainly of stone areas and a Mediterranean climate. Croatian Adriatic coast is very jagged. To Croatian area belongs 1246 islands, of which 47 are inhabited. The width of the coastal work varies considerably.
Historically, the coastal part can be divided into three regions:
Istria; a peninsula in northwestern Croatia, Croatian sea line between river Senja and the Kvarner islands and Dalmatia.
There was a time in the political division of Croatian lands, when it was the only part of coast within the Croatia and Slavonia. After World War I included were the islands of Krk and Rab. After World War II the geographical name of the Croatian coast was related to the overall limits of a coastal area in Croatia (North Croatian coast, covers the Istra and Croatian coast in the traditional sense, and South Croatian coast, and includes Dalmacija, Dubrovnik and around the city area).
Split and Dubrovnik
These are two probably most beautiful cities on the seaside in Croatia.
City Split: The first settlements appeared on the Adriatic coast in the vicinity of modern Split 2,400 years ago, when the Greeks founded the colony of Aspalafos here.
In the IV century, the palace of Emperor Diocletian was built next to it, its powerful walls created a deceptive illusion of security for the population. In the VII century, Salon was defeated by the Avars. While the townspeople were hiding from the invaders and restore the destroyed, Split took the opportunity to become a center of Dalmatia.
Diocletian’s Palace and the entire historical core of Split are listed on the UNESCO world heritage – and since 1979, not only because of the excellent preservation of the Palace itself, but at least as much because the palace and its town (or city and his palace, as you like it) continues to live a full life. In this structure are visible and still lives all historical layers of ancient Rome through the Middle Ages to the present. Walking through the ancient castle it is possible to travel through time, to observe superb examples of ancient architecture like Peristyle, medieval Romanesque churches and Gothic palaces, Renaissance portals of noble houses, baroque facades, all the way to modern architecture remarkably integrated into the rich heritage.
Such stratification is reflected in the daily life of Split. Local residents sit in the same cafes, restaurants and shop in the same stores with tourists, giving them the impression that they are coming to Split to become an integral part of the city and its rhythm. Market and fish market in the center are part of the life of every family in Split. And the whole social life of the city of 200 thousand inhabitants is reflected on its waterfront- the Riva.
Split is much more than a magnificent architectural scenery.
It is a city where it is possible to enjoy the superb gastronomy and wines, find numerous cultural events such as film and theater festivals, exhibitions, world-class museums and concerts, a city that offers entertainment from numerous clubs and bars across the street events to festivals such as Ultra Europe which each was visited by up to 100 thousand young people from hundreds of countries around the world. Split with its dozens of winners of Olympic medals and other sporting tradition and has more than any other city of its size in the world.
When you get tired of city noise, there is Marjan, a symbol of the hill above the town, with its forests, trails for running, hiking, cycling and recreational fields, and ancient churches in which the old Split sought spiritual peace. Dubrovnik is one of the most beautiful destinations in the world, both in terms of cultural heritage and in terms of tourist destinations for vacation. The city is often referred to as the Pearl of the Adriatic, and in 1979 was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list as a city rich in culture and history.
Old Town Dubrovnik is located within the city walls 1970 meters long, which for centuries served as a defense against various threats, and today constitute the major city attraction.
Pile gate and door of the Panel that binds the main street – Stradun, indicating entry and exit from the city walls of Dubrovnik as a city museum and theater scene. With a rich and lavish history and heritage, Dubrovnik is a city delicacy, beautiful nature and friendly people, so take your time and explore all the possibilities that gives you to feel the spirit of the elderly of the city.
Sailing in Croatia
Sailing holiday in Croatia is something that everyone should experience at least once in their lifetime. The beauty of the Adriatic coast, numerous coves and hidden beaches that are only accessible by boat only a few reasons why everyone should at least once to rent a sailboat in Croatia.
A boat can be rented in almost every place along the Croatian coast, although not quite all the places easily accessible. If you plan to arrive by plane, our advice is to book a ticket before you choose your charter base in Croatia. In planning for the rental and booking sailing boats, catamarans and motor yachts in Croatia you must consider a few things. The most important thing is to make sure you or someone from the crew has permission to sail, which is valid in Croatia.
Regarding flora and fauna; In Croatia is over 1000 protected and strictly protected plant species.
European flora – approximately 11 000 plant species – Croatia occupies the 3rd place for the wealth of flora, if we compare the number of vascular plants from the surface of the national territory.
In Croatia, there are specific plant species that are strictly protected by law. They are on the list of protected species because they are endangered and rare, but also because if they are in any way threatened with extinction.
Croatia has 8 national parks:
The Plitvice lakes
We will take one example regarding national parks of Croatia. The Plitvice lakes which are worldwide famous touristic destination.
Lakes are famous for their distinctive colors, ranging from azure to green, gray or blue. Colors are constantly changing, depending on the amount of minerals or organisms in the water and the angle of sunlight.
Plitvice lakes are located in the Lika region, in the western part of the Croatian, between the mountain of Mala Kapela and Pljesevica. Unique geological and hydrogeological phenomena in Europe.
Plitvice Lakes are made of sixteen larger and dozens of smaller lakes gradually lined up, among which are numerous waterfalls, cascades and rapids. They are located in the upper course of the river and caused the creation of the bars deposited dissolved limestone in the last ten thousand years. Water is poured over the bars, from one to another pond.
The lakes are divided into 12 upper lakes (Gornja jezera) and four lower lakes.
Upper lakes in the south are predominantly composed of dolomite and lower Lakes in the north of the limestone.
In 1949 Plitvice lakes were declared to be a national park. Vast areas of forest, incredible natural beauty of lakes and waterfalls, flora and fauna, mountain air, contrasting autumn colors, trails and wooden bridges and more are part of this incredible surface, and UNESCO declared it as World Natural Heritage in 1979 – one of the first in the world.
It is the largest, oldest and most visited Croatian national park. In 2011 there were more than a million visitors for the first time in the history of this national park.
The best party places in Croatia – the cities with the best nightlife
Croatia has become one of the favorite summer destinations for young people who are looking for the best parties in Europe. The below are some of the places that you must visit if you would like to enjoy unforgettable parties and festivals all over the Croatia.
There are almost no young people in Croatia who do not know the Zrće beach and its outdoor parties. “Adriatic Ibiza” as many call it, is the scene of the best and craziest parties that are almost never ending. Novalja on Pag is a place where every young person wants to reside over the summer. Papaya, Aquarius and Noa Beach Club are one of the most famous clubs on the beach Zrće and they make all-day parties accompanied by a variety of festivals which features some of the most famous performers of electronic music in the world. Zrće is a destination that is inevitable if you are looking for top events during the warm summer nights.
The nightlife of the island of Hvar is mainly taking place in the town of Hvar, which during the summer becomes the city that never sleeps. The city becomes a place full of events, entertainment and young people at every step by giving it a special sparkle throughout the day – during the day people are on the beaches and during the night they are in the clubs and beach bars. Some of the most popular clubs in Hvar as Carpe Diem, Pink Champagne and Central Park Club, the place where entertainment and “to party” never stop. Hvar is characterized by clear waters, beautiful beaches and funky beach parties with which you will carry memories of a lifetime.
Zagreb as Croatian capital offers the widest variety of parties and events throughout the whole year where everyone can find something they are liking. Zagreb is a city of fun people, restaurants, numerous cultural heritage, but also a place that at night becomes the center of the best entertainment with a host of clubs in which partying until the early hours. Concerts, live performances, rock music, DJ performances, all this is expected in Zagreb.
Split which is preferably become a popular party spot for Ultra Europe festival, which takes place at Poljud stadium in the month of July, offers more than just these three days. Split is the largest city on the Adriatic which throughout the year, mostly in summer, provides the best parties in which you will be able to experience the best of the club scene. City bathed in sunshine with the beautiful waterfront, Diocletian’s Palace and the beautiful beach Bačvice –at night becomes a place of laughter, fun and dancing.
Due to its fantastic geographical location, which is located partly on the island, and partly on the mainland, Tisno is an important transit center and a traditional place for all who decide their holidays and summer vacations to spend on the island of Murter.
This small town in Zadar city region is the center of the festivals that are being organized every July and August.
One of the most famous festival is Soundwave Croatia which includes performances by street artists and graffiti artists, film screenings by Croatian filmmakers and, of course, noisy discos for 4-5 days.
Also, in this small town you can visit Suncebeat, Soundwave, Defected Croatia and International Love Festival and have unforgettable parties until the early morning hours.
City known for its amphitheater is also the site of Tulum, long nights in the open and fun and dance, which in summer becomes a place of concerts that give a unique experience when held in the Amphitheater and festival place which young people from all over the world like to visit.
Osijek is a famous place for nightlife in Croatia with a wide club scene which organizes events that create hot atmosphere, and last until the early morning hours. Rockatiki, and polka dot Matrix Club are just some of the clubs where the fun never stops, and weekend evenings are almost always requiring more space. Prices are much friendlier than those on the Adriatic coast and you will if you visit Osijek, feel truly Croatian parties.