Bulgaria (Bulgarian Бългapия [bɐɫɡarijɐ], officially the Republic of Bulgaria, a state in Southeast Europe, in the northeastern part of the Balkan Peninsula, between Romania to the north, Turkey and Greece in the south, Serbia and Macedonia in the west and the Black Sea in the east, encompassing 110,994 km2. The capital of Bulgaria is Sofia.
Random facts about Bulgaria!
Sofia is the capital of Bulgaria, the first was a dash of the settlement named Serdika, named after the band of tribal Serdi.
Sofia is the largest and most developed city in Bulgaria. It was founded seven thousand years ago and is the second oldest city in Europe.
Currency is Lev.
The oldest golden object, over 6000 years old, was found in Bulgaria in Varna.
Bulgaria is in third place in Europe (after Italy and Greece), by a number of its worthy archaeological monuments!
The oldest prehistoric city in Europe was discovered not far from the city of Provadi in Bulgaria. This city was found and started excavating Bulgarian archaeologists in 2005, the settlement dates back to 4,700 years before Christ.
As a sign of gratitude, the Bulgarians built the magnificent church of Alexander Nevsky, one of the largest Orthodox basilicas in the Balkans.
Bulgaria is the country with the oldest name in Europe!
Bulgaria and Denmark are the only European countries to protect the Jews during the Holocaust.
Famous gladiator Spartacus and mythical singer Orpheus were born in Thrace – today’s Bulgaria!
Bulgaria is the only country in the European Union that uses the Cyrillic alphabet.
The first World Wrestling Champion with 1500 victories and only 2 lost games is Balkan’s lion – the legendary Dan Kolov!
The inventor of the first electronic computer, John Vincent Atanasov, is of Bulgarian origin!
The only countries in the world that use bagpipes as instruments are Scotland, Ireland, and Bulgaria.
In Bulgaria, nodding up and down means “no”, and left-right means “yes”.
Bulgarian rose – oil (Bulgaria produces half of the world’s orange oil), is a component of world-famous perfumes!
Bulgaria is known as the homeland of yogurt!
Bulgaria is on an important traffic route that connects Central Europe with the Middle East to the valley of the river Marica.
The Danube River Basin, which exports a lot of materials, and it is also important for obtaining energy.
Relief in Bulgaria is very diverse. The border is made by Marica with its valley (Trachka). These are arable land on which, along with maritime climates from the Aegean Sea, various cultures succeed (tobacco, cotton, vegetables, rice, grape vines, cereals).
In the south are Rhodopes, rich in charcoal and colored metals. In addition to mining, the population also deals with forestry and sheep farming. To the north of Marica, there is Stara Planina or the Balkans. In a number of protected valleys, the production of rose and rose oil is known in the cosmetics industry.
Bulgarian plaque is closed between the Balkans and the Danube. On woody deposits, fertile soil has been created where a variety of agricultural production has developed with a moderate climate.
In larger cities, industrial plants where the majority of the Bulgarian population is working. These are Plovdiv on Marica, Ruse on the Danube, Varna, and Burgas on the Black Sea coast. The capital of Sofia (1.2 mils) is located on a traffic route leading from Middle Europe to the Middle East.
Bulgaria has a very dynamic climate, which is the result of its position as the site of intersection of the Mediterranean and continental air masses and the effects of an obstacle in the shape of its numerous mountains. Northern Bulgaria is 1 ° C cooler on average and receives 200 mm more precipitation per year from the areas south of the mountain Balkan. Temperature amplitudes vary considerably in different areas. The lowest recorded temperature was -38.3 ° C while the highest recorded temperature was 45.2 ° C. The average amount of precipitation is about 630 mm and varies between 500 mm as it falls in Dobrudja to more than 2500 mm in the mountains. Continental air masses bring in winter and considerable amounts of snow.
Capital of Bulgaria – Sofia
Sofia is surrounded by mountains. Regardless of its location in the flat Sofia area, Sofia is among the highest cities in Europe. South and not far from Sofia, the Vitosha Mountain extends up to 3,000 meters. Through the city, there are several smaller rivers.
According to the last statistics, 1.5 million people live in Sofia, mostly of Bulgarian origin and Orthodox religion.
The city’s motto is brief and clear – It’s growing, but not old. And it really is. Sofia is characterized by a tumultuous and long history, but regardless of all the failures and scars, this city is fast and energetic. The city lives calm with its past and without any problems, it faces a modern lifestyle.
Sofia was built on the ruins of the Roman city of Serdice. The Serdica was once a Roman city, very important for the Balkans due to its favorable geographical position. Below the center of Sofia lies a whole city, invisible to modern inhabitants and tourists.
Sofia was formerly known as Sredets and Tradiats. In the 14th century, the city received its name Sofia. The capital of Bulgaria was declared after a five-year struggle with the Turks (exactly 1879).
Foreign tourists are given the biggest headache by the Bulgarian Cyrillic. In Sofia, it’s rarely translated into English, making it difficult for tourists to travel around town without a guide or translator.
In the center of Sofia is the University of St. Kliment Ohridski, the oldest university in Sofia (founded in 1888).
Sofia has a metro. The construction of the metro has been working for 30 years. Thermal water was found during the construction. The ruins of the old Roman city also slowed down the process and the desire of Bulgarians to modernize city traffic. You can see a part of the excavations from the Roman period around the metro station Serdica.
In the center of Sofia, there is a Turkish bath dating back to the 16th century. Today, there is a historical museum. In front of the building, there are two fountains with thermal water. Sofia is otherwise rich in thermal water sources.
During the Second World War, the Bulgarians were allied with the Germans, but the then King Tsar Boris III and the leaders of the Bulgarian Church saved 480,000 Jews from certain death. King Tsar Boris III paid his disobedience with his head and disappeared mysteriously after meeting with Hitler in 1943.
There are organized free hiking and hiking tours around Sofia. Tourists are the most interesting Balkan Bites tour. During this tour, restaurants and tourists visit the traditional Bulgarian cuisine.
Bulgarians love eating soup! Everywhere there are small shops selling a bowl of soup for 1 euro. The most popular soup is called Supa Star.
The center of Sofia was tiled with a yellow cobblestone that was produced 100 years ago at a Hungarian factory.
According to the 2001 census, Bulgaria had 7,932,984 residents. The number of inhabitants is reduced due to low birth rates and displacement, so Bulgaria 26 years earlier, 1975, had a larger number of inhabitants. (8,729,666 according to the census). 73.9% of the population live in cities (2015).
According to religion, the majority of the population is Orthodox faith, and more precisely, the majority of the population were members of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church.
The ethnic composition was as follows:
In accordance with Article 3 of the Constitution of Bulgaria of 1991, the official language is Bulgarian. According to Article 36 of the Constitution, the teaching and use of the Bulgarian language are the right and obligation of all citizens of Bulgaria. Those citizens whose native language is someone else, have the extra right to learn and use their own language as well. Legislation can specify which cases must be used exclusively in the official language. In Bulgaria, minority languages are mostly Turkish, gypsy and Armenian languages. However, the Turkish language used in Bulgaria is, in fact, one dialect of Turkish which differs considerably from the standard Turkish in the motherland and is characteristic in a lexical sense due to the great influence of the Bulgarian. In Bulgaria, a Bulgarian Cyrillic letter is officially used.
What you need to visit in Bulgaria
Bulgaria is a country of magnificent culture, the country in which the East and West merge, located in southeastern Europe on the Black Sea coast. It is an attractive country with many interesting attractions, picturesque walking, hiking or riding stairs. It offers a variety of leisure options, such as wintering and skiing in the mountains, beach breaks, lakes or cultural events that are certainly not missing in Bulgaria. Thanks to its rich history, this country has a number of UNESCO’s landmarks.
Bulgaria’s capital with about 1.3 million inhabitants. It is located in the west of Bulgaria at the foot of Vitosha Mountain. They say that Sofia is the second oldest city in Europe. It has about 250 architectural and historical sights. Most tourist programs include sightseeing of rich historical heritage, sights protected by UNESCO and monasteries. The most beautiful symbol of the city is the Cathedral of Alexander Nevsky, and of great importance are the church of St. George and the church of St. Sophia.
Bansko and Pirin National Park
First of all, Bansko is known as the most modern Bulgarian ski resort. In recent years, Bansko has been expanding with the construction of numerous hotels and ski facilities. But there are many cultural and historical features. Souvenir shops that offer handicrafts by local artists and metalworkers are also inevitable. Markets and shops are located about 500 meters from the hotel, and only 5 minutes walk from the hotel is the main promenade.
South of Bansko there is national park the Pirin. Because of its cultural and natural beauty, this park is under the protection of UNESCO. The Pirin abounds in waterfalls, lakes, caves and endemic plant species.
Pamporovo Ski Resort and Rhodope Mountain
Situated in the heart of Rodopa, the famous Bulgarian mountain, Pamporovo has the longest ski resort in Bulgaria. It contains 20 kilometers of snowy trails with different slopes and weights. The highest peak of this area is several hundred meters above the Pamporovo ski resort. But besides the ski resort of the Rhodope Mountain, it is worth seeing also the Stone Bridges, the villages that the legend says is the birthplace of Orpheus, and numerous interesting caves. The center of Pamporovo offers a large selection of hotels, restaurants, and bars.
Alexandrov Houses Zlatograd Rodopi
It is located in the ethnic complex of Zlatograd in Rhodope. Unlike the exterior, the interior design of the hotel is completely adapted to modern times. In the spa center located within the hotel, you can enjoy relaxing treatments, swimming pools, saunas, jacuzzis, aromatherapy massages. The hotel’s restaurant and wine shop offer guests a rich selection of wines and traditional Bulgarian dishes.
If you like historical sights, this city is the right choice for you. It is also called the imperial city precisely because of the richness of cultural and historical sights. If you decide on Veliko Tarnovo, be sure to visit the Carewec fortress, the church of St. Dimitrije Thessaloniki, the Monastery of Transfiguration, the remains of an old historical city that they say were founded by Emperor Trajan.
One of the most beautiful Bulgarian cities, divided into two parts. The Old Town will surely best convey and convey the culture there, while the modern part is a trade and cultural center. There are churches, museums, galleries, hotels, bars, bars and restaurants. Various events and exhibitions in Plovdiv are available throughout the year.
Rila Monastery – Rila Mountain, Borovec
The monastery of Rila is the largest and most famous Orthodox monastery in Bulgaria, which is under the protection of UNESCO. It is one of the most important historical monuments in the Balkans. Outside looks like a fortress because it is threatened by high walls, but the interior of the monastery surprises visitors. One of the most visited parts of the Rila Mountain is the part where there are Rila lakes and national park Rila. However, not only would you not only visit historical sights and admire the beauty of nature, the Rila Mountains also offer rich ski contents. The oldest winter center is just Borovec. Today it is the largest and one of the most modern winter centers in Bulgaria. Borovec is sure with its 45 km of skiing trails and in the summertime a paradise for mountaineers.
It is an exceptional holiday destination. Here are the most beautiful Bulgarian beaches for relaxation and relaxation. On the beaches, you will find various entertainment offers, from diving school to romantic boat riding for two. Sozopol is a city for romance and enjoyment. It’s a city of artists, painters, actors …
The city is located on the Black Sea coast near Varna. Albena is abundant with sandy beaches, fascinating flora, adorned with a favorable climate and this is what makes this city one of Bulgaria’s favorite tourist centers.
So, if you have planned a trip, consider once again the choice of the final destination. Bulgaria is a country that offers you perfect destinations for wintering, summer vacation, cultural sightseeing, hiking…
Wonderful bridges are the name of a series of natural arches located in Rhodope, a beautiful karst mountain full of deep river canyons, sinkholes, and large caves.
The “bridges” were created by the erosive action of the once-great Erkyupry River which has transformed marble fragments into deep water caves. Later, probably due to the earthquake, the tin ceilings of the caves collapsed leaving behind the beautiful natural formations we see today – the Wonderful Bridges, one of the most famous attractions in Rhodopes.
This natural phenomenon, also known as Rocky Bridges, is at an altitude of 1,450 meters at the foot of the Golyam Persenk peak (2,091 m).
The largest bridge and the only one under which tourists can pass is about 15 meters wide and nearly 100 meters long. It consists of three ports of which is 45 meters high and 40 meters wide. Below the middle of the river flows a river, and the marble ceiling is full of bird nests.
It is one of the attractions that this country has to offer. It is very versatile and delicious. It consists of numerous salads, pastries and bread, soup and many other local dishes. Many dishes from Bulgarian cuisine are prepared using recipes that are transferring from generation to generation.
The best products by which Bulgaria is famous all over the world are Bulgarian yogurt and white cheese – feta. These two products are always present on the table when Bulgarian dishes are stored, either with the first, second, last or any meal. The most famous breakfast of Bulgarian food is the pie. Pies are made from dough and various fillings. Charges can be with cheese, rice, spinach, cabbage, or meat. Other popular breakfast dishes are pancakes, fries, mackerel, or toast. They are most commonly used with jam, jam, honey or Bulgarian yogurt.
Domestic inhabitants living in rural areas, or in villages, cultivate their own vegetables, which is why the taste of salads in Bulgaria is different. Tasty homemade vegetables made salads a central place in the tradition of Bulgarian cuisine. As in Serbia and Bulgaria, the so-called “salty salad” is the most popular, but others are also famous: shepherd salads, salad with cereals, baked peppers, snowmen with special Bulgarian yogurt, monk salad with tomato, wellness salad with young cheese and many more others.
The main meal begins and ends with a schnapps that they simply adore.
16 reasons to visit Bulgaria as soon as possible
- You’ll get a plane cheaper and easier than you thought
Despite the fact that an average American cannot find Bulgaria on the map, flights to this country are extremely affordable.
- The coasts are first class
A sunny beach is one of the places where you will want to live forever.
- You will try the best meatballs in your life
- Two words – fried dough
You would want to eat ustipci every day
- Nature is magnificent
With luxurious Balkan mountains, Bulgaria is the perfect place to turn off from the usual routes and enjoy the unknown.
- Almost all visits to the sights are free, whether medieval churches, art galleries or hiking.
- Alcohol is served at any time, in every place
Morning, noon, evening, in a café, on the street … Bulgarians are always in the mood for a drink, but they drink very carefully – you can’t see teenagers who do not know for themselves.
- The local population is very relaxed
The Bulgarians are extremely friendly and will do everything to best represent their culture, to which they are extremely proud. Expect that elderly people, sellers, students and waiters greet you with a smile on your face.
- You will overcome the fear of height
Just look for Kopitoto, seven hills of Plovdiv, seven Rila lakes or some of the many picturesque monasteries.
- Dance is not reserved for clubs only
You can also climb on the tables of restaurants, in which almost everyone gets up to play.
- The cheese is a way of life
After a week spent in Bulgaria, the cheese will be your middle name. Mix it with tomato, meat or pasta and you will get a meal of dreams.
- Meals are very cheap
You can eat a good meal and drink something with it for just $ 10.
- Bulgarians take holidays very seriously and do not shy away from taking a day off whenever they can.
- There are no long journeys
Bulgarians are mostly looking for satisfaction in the immediate vicinity. When you visit a city, people will recommend you visit local attractions.
- A mixture of the old and the new makes a unique whole
For example, the remains of ancient Roman buildings versus modern buildings. These unusual stylistic units make tour trips never boring.
- Almost no one will know where you were.