Sibenik is situated in Croatia. Located in central Dalmatia, this historical city is settled where the Krka River flows into the Adriatic Sea. This city is the center of Sibenik-Knin County. It is a political, educational, transport, industrial and tourist leader in this part of the country. In Dalmatia, it is the third largest city. It is also the oldest native town on the shores of the sea in Croatia.
Sibenik, unlike the other cities along the shore of the Adriatic Sea which were founded by Romans, Illyrians and Greeks was established by Croats. Under this name it was first mentioned in the eleventh century. Between the eleventh and the twelfth century Venice, Byzantium and Hungary fought for the city. First, it was occupied by Venice, in the early twelfth century when Byzantium took over Sibenik. In the second part of the twelfth century it was invaded by Hungarians. Throughout its history it has been conquered many times and it was especially interesting for Italy.
The city has humid subtropical climate, warm summers and not so cold winters.
Sights-part of history and culture
The first diocese was established in the thirteenth century. The central Church in the city, which is on the UNESKO Heritage List since 2000, is the Cathedral of St. James. The building of the Church lasted one hundred years and it is completely made of stone. Several successive architects built it in Gothic and Renaissance style. It is a triple-nave basilica and it is the church of the Catholic Croatian Church. It is one of the most important monuments of the architecture of the Renaissance in Croatia.
There are four fortresses in Sibenik which can provide you the most spectacular view on the entire city, near islands and the sea. Each fortress is special in its own way and very popular for all the tourists that visit Sibenik. They are: St. Nicolas Fortress, St. Michaels Fortress, Barone Fort and St. John Fort. Three of them are on land and just one at sea.
St. Nicolas Fortress is the only one at sea. It is placed at the entrance of Sibenik port. It was built in the sixteenth century with the intention to keep Turks away from the city. With its imposing appearance it is one of the most valuable and best preserved pieces of the architecture in Dalmatia. Even though it was built to defend Sibenik from the invaders, it was never used in military operations but we can say that it served its purpose because it saved the city.
Heading to the north of the city you can find the Krka National Park which is similar to the Plitvice Lake National Park. This park is famous for many waterfalls, great flora and fauna and historical and archeological remains.
Summer is reserved for entertainment and festivals. The Sibenik International Children’s Festival takes place every summer. It is well known for its plays, different activities for children and children’s workshops. The Terrano Music Festival was held in August, from 2011 to 2013 and since 2014, Sibenik as well as other cities nearby, organizes Super Uho Festival. In 1922, the composer Jakov Gotovac founded the city’s “Philharmonia Society”. Every summer in Sibenik many concerts and events take place so you can most definitely enjoy here.
The Sibenik cuisine is famous for fish specialties, which is logical since the city is settled near the sea but there is one thing you most certainly have to try when you visit this place – ham “prsuta”. It is made from the pork haunch. The meat is dried in the wind for three to four months. Considering the great effort that is put in making this ham you can imagine how tasteful it is.
If you come to Sibenik you will not only enjoy the sea, festivals, architecture but as well its great cuisine.