Romani is the country settled, with its bigger part, in the Southeastern Europe, and with its smaller part in the Middle Europe. Today’s Romania was formed as a personal union of Moldavia and Walachia. It gained its independence from the Ottoman Empire. After many hard times and many social, political and other changes, Romania is a developing country, more and more attractive for foreign investors as well as tourists. Besides Bucharest, which is the capital city of Romania many other cities stand out with their beauty. One of them is definitely Timisoara.
The gorgeous city of Timisoara is settled in the Timis County and it is the capital of this county. Settled on the river Bega, this city was once considered as the informal capital of the historical region of Banat. It is the third largest city in the country (refereeing to the population) and it is the main economic, cultural and social center of the western part of Romania. Last known population is 320 000 (2011) in 52 sq. miles (130.5 sq. kilometers).
Timisoara is the biggest historical and cultural center of Serbian people who live in Romania. The city was once called Little Vienna, since it was under the Habsburg dynasty for a long time, and it resembles, with its architecture and its surroundings, old part of Vienna.
The name of the city
The way this city got its name is actually very interesting. The city of Timisoara got its name from the river Timis which, as a matter of fact, doesn’t flow throughout the city. The only river that goes through Timisoara is the river Bega. Then, how did this happen? Well, the courses of these two rivers were once intertwined, but later their courses got different ways and separated completely.
Position of Timisoara
Timisoara is one of the Romanian cities, which is settled furthest from the capital of the country. It is settled on the southeastern periphery of the Pannonia Plain. The city itself represents a sort of a border between the plain on the west and the hilly parts in the east.
The name of the city was first mentioned around 1474. It was conquered by Ottomans in 1552 and will remain under their authority for a long time. It was set free from Turks in 1716 by the Habsburgs. Interesting information is that the first brewery was opened in 1718.
Throughout the course of history, the city of Timisoara was conquered by different invaders (Turks, Hungarians, Serbs…). This caused many changes in the demography and population structure (Germans, Hungarians, Serbs, Romanians and others). Austro-Hungarian Monarchy influenced the look of the city a lot. Old town core, today very vivid, consists of quarters with several squares and promenades. This part of the city now has many clubs, bars and inns. The old Baroque Square is especially popular.
The city buildings
There are three big and famous squares in the city. They are: The Square of Unification, the Victory Square and the Square of Freedom.
The Square of Unification is older, square shaped. Around this square, you can see the main Roman-Catholic Cathedral, Serbian Orthodox Cathedral as well as many palaces that belonged to the rich.
The Victory Square is younger, bigger and oval. The Square of Freedom is with old city house and many statues. Each of these squares has its own history and beauties.
Other important buildings are: the Opera House, The National Theater, Romanian Orthodox Cathedral, Serbian Orthodox Cathedral, The Statue of the Mother of God, Baroque Palace, and many others. Interesting is the statue of the she-wolf who breastfeeds Romulo and Rem (the gift from the city of Rome).
Many festivals are being held every year in Timisoara (Plai Festival, Revolution Festival, Jazz Festival, Sabotage Festival and many others).
Timisoara was selected as the European Capital of Culture for 2021, in 2016.
How to get to Timisoara
Timisoara is a major railway centre (Gara Timisoara Nord). This city is directly linked by train with Budapest, Belgrade and Vienna.
Timisoara is on two European routes (E70 and E671) in the European road network.
Traian Vuia International Airport, located 6 miles northeast away from the city centre. This airport serves as an operating base for low-cost airlines Ryanair and Wizz Air. Bus number 26 offers service to the city centre from airport.
The city of Timisoara is not the biggest or the most impressive city you’ll see but it’s most certainly the city that will grow up to your heart. The breath of history mixed with modern will conquer your heart.